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International Forwarding Association Blog » Specialized transportation

Specialized transportation

specialized transportation

Reefers Used to Ship Perishable Cargo

Refrigerated containers or reefers are used to ship perishable goods such as flowers, dairy products, meat, seafood, and fruits and vegetables. Carriers also use temperature-controlled containers to transport frozen and chilled goods, photographic film, and pharmaceuticals. If not shipped at appropriate humidity and temperature, such cargo might spoil quickly during transit.     Reefer Design Reefers have one or more temperature chambers and a generator to maintain the right temperature regardless of weather conditions. Depending on the type of cargo, the temperature ranges from – 35 °C to 35 °C. As they are used for refrigeration transport, cooling gets done… Read more

Vaccine Supply Shortage

What Is Causing EU’s Vaccine Supply Shortage

The EU recently threatened to impose export controls on Covid-19 vaccines manufactured in Europe. This move came after AstraZeneca announced a significant reduction in the number of dozes it could deliver by March. As a result, a political crisis followed, with debates to block the export of vaccines to the North. In case the bloc decides to trigger the emergency provision, the new regulation would also require that pharmaceutical manufacturers report the destination and quantity of exports, enabling states to block vaccine flows. While the EU reversed its decision to impose controls, the question that begs to be answered is… Read more

refrigeration transport Vaccine

Global Vaccine Delivery Efforts and Challenges Ahead

With vaccines being developed and approved for use in the hope to protect billions around the world, countries are facing a formidable challenge – distributing hundreds of millions of doses requiring ultra-cold shipping. The near-simultaneous delivery of millions of jabs not only requires significant production capabilities but also puts pressure on logistics businesses engaged in distribution. Challenges That Lie Ahead The world is already facing a shortage of shipping resources, especially when it comes to refrigeration transport. One problem is that refrigerated truck and air cargo carriers are in high demand that already exceeds supply. Another is that carriers are… Read more

Shipping Vaccines

Logistics Capabilities for Covid-19 Vaccine Delivery and Distribution

Billions of vaccine doses have to be shipped to inoculate the world in 2021 – 2022 but for forwarders, shots are just a small percentage of cargo to be carried over the next couple of months. In fact, logistics companies say they are prepared to handle shipments despite challenges like transporting shots in special boxes fitted with GPS trackers as to monitor whether sub-sub-zero temperatures are maintained. Vaccine doses are already delivered to Switzerland, Brazil, the United States, and the Middle East. Logistics Capabilities Fewer than 100,000 trucks will be needed to transport 8 billion shots, which is about 0.00001… Read more

hazardous goods

Guidelines for Shipping Harmless and Hazardous Fertilizers

Fertilizers are cargo that has major importance for agricultural produce around the world. In fact, research shows that about 60 percent of the increase in production during the last decades has been due to the use of fertilizers. With population growth, need is constantly increasing, and they are exported and imported by various countries across the globe. Here is a brief intro to the main fertilizers shipped by international freight forwarders as well as the specifics in terms of discharging and loading. Types of Exports The main fertilizers that are shipped as bulk cargo include sulphur, phosphates, potash, and urea…. Read more

hazardous goods

EU Regulations regarding the Carriage of Dangerous Goods

Directive 2008/68/EC on the inland transport of dangerous goods governs the shipping of cargo by inland waterways, rail, and road. European logistics companies must comply with the directive’s provisions to meet the safety criteria for international and domestic shipments.   Scope The directive includes provisions regarding labelling, requirements for tank-containers, restrictions on grounds of safety, and third countries. The shipping of hazardous cargo between third countries and EU Member States is permitted subject to the provisions of ADN, RID, and ADR, concerning the movement of dangerous cargo by inland waterways, rail, and road, respectively. When it comes to restrictions on… Read more

EU Guidelines on the Carriage of Oversized Cargo

EU Guidelines on the Carriage of Oversized Cargo

EU guidelines specify the maximum dimensions and weights when shipping abnormal loads. Cargo that exceeds the specified limits requires special permits which are issued by national or regional authorities. The procedures and regulations regarding the issuance of permits vary by country, including details such as authorized speeds, time frames, and vehicle escorts. Nevertheless, the guidelines include useful recommendations on vehicle information, transport corridors, and more. EU Best Practice Guidelines The best practice guidelines have been developed and released by the Directorate-General for Energy and Transport of the European Commission. There contain provisions regarding escorts, lighting and marking of load and… Read more

Transporting Covid-19 Samples to Reference Laboratories

Guidelines for Transporting Covid-19 Samples to Reference Laboratories

The World Health Organization has developed a mechanism for transporting clinical samples from suspected coronavirus patients residing in countries that lack specialized Covid-19 laboratories and testing capacity. Local shipping agents working with WHO-approved couriers provide assistance to laboratories in completing export documentation, arranging sample collection, and providing all forms, labelling, and packaging under international transport regulations. This mechanism for transporting hazardous goods and biological substances is similar to the Shipping Fund Project and Global Influenza Surveillance and Response System. Services Offered by Reference Laboratories WHO-approved reference laboratories support efforts toward capacity building in middle- and lower-income countries so that local… Read more

air freight in Europe

General and Special Cargo and Biological Substances Carried by Aircraft

The main types of air freight in Europe are general and special cargo, the latter being shipped in accordance with the IATA Live Animals Regulations and IATA Dangerous Goods Regulations. General Cargo This category includes electronics, hardware and machinery, consumer and retail goods, and textiles. In general, all items that are not liquid fall in this category. Special Cargo A number of sub-classes are included, among which fragile and high value items, oversized cargo and heavy weight, and dangerous goods and hazardous materials. Dangerous goods transported by aircraft include arms and ammunition, weapons, and explosives. Valuable items that can be… Read more

Safe Shipping of Medical Supplies Aiding the Fight against the Global Pandemic

Safe Shipping of Medical Supplies Aiding the Fight against the Global Pandemic

Shipping medical supplies and equipment safely and quickly has become key to preventing the further spread of Covid-19 and compensating shortages in many countries. The proper packing of medical equipment is important, especially for non-standard and fragile items and when specialized transportation is required. Types of Medical Equipment and Supplies Medical supplies that are shipped to protect frontline healthcare workers include disposable gloves, N95 respirators, surgical masks, gowns, and foot and eye protection. Equipment is also shipped, including bulky devices such as X-Ray scans, MRI machines, ECG, and ultrasound. The World Health Organization also published a list of priority equipment… Read more

Shipping Pets

Regulations on Shipping Pets and Domesticated Animals Internationally

Many ask freight forwarders if they can safely ship pets internationally as this can be a stressful experience for cats, dogs, and ferrets. Depending on final destination, some countries allow pets after a quarantine period while others may not allow them at all. EU Member States also have special requirements when it comes to required information, vaccinations, and other specifics. Specialized transportation may also be required for some domestic animals, including road and air shipping. What Documents Are Required If you plan to import pets from non-EU states, they must come from authorized countries and territories. State authorities require an… Read more

Transport for Fish Products

Shipping Requirements and Types of Transport for Fish Products

Freight forwarders often transport fish products across Europe, including dried, salted, live, and fresh fish. Factors they need to account for include type of product, distance, and transportation costs. Products and Shipping Requirements Fresh Fish Different factors play a role when transporting preserved and fresh fish. Fresh fish must be shipped to a distribution or holding facility as quickly and cost-effectively as possible. The goal is to deliver high quality, fresh products that meet consumer expectations. Some species require additional processing such as cooling, packing, and canning but the period from catching fish to delivery is important to preserving quality…. Read more

Logistics in the Healthcare Sector

The Role of Logistics in the Healthcare Sector

While healthcare has treatment and prevention as its main focus, hospitals, clinics, and other facilities need medications, syringes, gauzes, and other supplies to treat patients. Hospitals also need files, paper, computers, and other items for administrative purposes and keeping record of patients and treatment outcomes. How Hospitals Secure Supplies The two main ways in which hospitals secure supplies are by working with distributors and by buying directly from manufacturers. Purchasing supplies from distributors has many benefits, the main one being that they are able to ship multiple supplies. To this, logistics services providers cater to both large and small shipments… Read more

Shipping Liquid

Shipping Liquid and Food Products

Shipping liquids and food products safely can be tricky because of the risk of leaks and spills. Many logistics services providers ship liquids and food across Europe and overseas except for items that are considered unsafe or dangerous. IFA members strictly follow all relevant shipping regulations to ensure safety while in transit and at delivery. Liquids That Can Be Shipped Some liquids are safe to ship while others are prohibited or can only be sent in limited quantities. Alcoholic beverages, for example, are allowed to be shipped in some EU countries provided that certain criteria are met. Items such as… Read more

Oversized Cargo

Risks Associated with Handling and Shipping of Oversized Cargo

The handling and shipping of oversized cargo carry certain risks, including political, social, economic, and technical risks. Assessing potential risks helps logistics services providers to develop appropriate strategies such as disaster planning, protection against political risk, assessment of providers’ financial stability, and others. Types of Risks When offering international freight services and shipping of goods by air, sea, and land, logistics services providers face economic risk. Economic risk is mainly related to bank policies and financing available to shippers in different areas. Factors that logistics companies assess include labor costs, interest rates, and terms and repayment schedules. Forwarders also face… Read more

Specialized Cargo

Types of Vessels Carrying General and Specialized Cargo

Logistics services providers ship cargo on different types of vessels based on the kinds of goods to be transported. Ships come in different sizes and include reefer vessels, livestock vessels, container carriers, tanker vessels, multi-purpose vessels, and others. Size Ultra large crude carriers weigh between 320,000 and 550,000 DWT and are used to ship hazardous goods such as chemicals, liquefied natural gas, and crude oil. Very large crude carriers weigh up to 320,000 DWT while Capesize are up to 150,000 DWT and can only pass through Cape Horn and Cape of Good Hope but not through the Suez Canal or… Read more

European network for transportation FSMA

How IFA can be affected by the Food Safety Modernization Act

The International Forwarding Association has been steadily working on implementing various visibility tools in order to comply with international food safety regulations. Since there have been worrying signals for food getting recalled by the manufacturers and retailers, and for cases when certain foodstuffs have been found to cause sickness and other health problems, the companies from the European network for transportation have been working on limiting the risk of foodstuffs which are being transported getting spoiled or otherwise damaged or contaminated during their transportation, storage and distribution provided by the international freight forwarders. The adoption of FSMA In the US,… Read more

forwarding of live animals

Freight forwarding of live animals throughout Europe

The need of forwarding of live animals by air Live animals, including various types of livestock, pets, birds, reptiles or insects require special conditions when being transported. Most importantly, the forwarding needs to be as short and quick as possible in order to reduce the risk stress and physical harm to the live animals. This is why air transport is used for animal freight forwarding services. Also, air transport reduces the shaking and the commotion of the containers associated with road transport, which is also better for the animals being transported. This is why the network of freight forwarders offers… Read more

transport of agricultural production

Specialized transport of agricultural production

The forwarding of agricultural products takes up a large share of the types of cargo being transported by the forwarders throughout Europe. Large and small producers sell and deliver raw materials for the food industry as well as products for a large number of stores and retailers. Many of these products require special conditions for their transport in order to preserve their quality and expiration date. The companies in the list of logistics companies meet these requirements.   Cutting the time between the production of agricultural goods and its delivery to the consumers With the help of the logistics solutions… Read more

specialized transport in Europe

The development of specialized transport in Europe

The total volume of the cargo being shipped within Europe is enormous. The reasons behind this include the ease of transporting the cargo, the simplified customs and trade formalities within the European Union, as well as the globalization of the world economy, which allows for easy communication and development of the commerce as well as the mobility within the European countries. This is why the member companies of the European network for logistics are continuously working on increasing the number of service they offer and for cooperation when providing groupage transport service and complete loads.   Developments in the min… Read more