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International Forwarding Association Blog » Logistics services » Types of Loading and Packaging Equipment for Safe Transit

Types of Loading and Packaging Equipment for Safe Transit

There are different types of packaging and loading equipment to ensure that cargo is secure during transit. European logistics companies also partner with major carriers to transport air and sea freight.

Shipping Hazards

The choice of loading and shipping equipment depends on whether different hazards are present, including altitude, extreme weather conditions, compression, vibration, and shock. Shock, for instance, occurs when items fall down or shift or are struck by other items during transit. When cargo is under load, compression may occur in the aircraft, ocean containers, railcars, and trailers.

Weather may also cause damage to cargo because of humidity levels and extreme temperatures. IFA members assess shipping hazards in order to choose the most appropriate loading and packing equipment and mode of transportation. Special equipment may be used for irregular items, especially cargo that can be a health hazard. The same goes for configurations and labelling that prevent stacking and for cargo with odd dimensions that is at risk of damage during handling. Different handling methods can be used to handle cargo while in transit, including automatic, mechanical, and manual handling.



Types of Loading Equipment

Loading equipment comes in different types and varies in dimensions or size. Examples of loading equipment include large and small wood stacking frames, large and small covers, expendable pallets, Euro pallet cages, and Euro pallets. Euro pallet cages, for instance, make maneuvering easier and safer for staff and absorb bumps and knocks in logistics and retail locations. Euro pallets are also used for loading and weigh between 20 and 25 kg. Pallets help ensure worker safety, stable and secure storage of cargo, and smooth transit.

Types of Packing Equipment

Carriers use different types of materials for corrosion protection, including VCI film and bags. Corrugated paper is usually used as a separation material and paper padding. Cushion packaging is also suitable for cargo protection. Boxes on expendable pallets and non-palletized boxes are used as well, along with expendable pallets that are fitted with wooden stacking frames. Other types of packing equipment are wooden planks and crates that are made to measure and safe to transport abroad. Carriers also use timber saddles to move large items and oversized cargo.


Different packing methods and processes are used depending on the mode of transportation. For overland transport, carriers choose fitting cardboard box sizes and interior trays, based on the weight and quantity of cargo. Plastic film can be used to line up items and prevent boxes from soaking through in case that any oil remnants are left.

When products are shipped in layers, corrugated paper and honeycomb boards are used to protect cargo.In addition, strapping film may be used to ensure that the items are firmly affixed to the tray and placed into boxes. Plastic bands are widely used to seal boxes before shipping. When multiple products are transported in a single crate, padding is placed between them to prevent damage from occurring.