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International Forwarding Association Blog » European Logistics » Tackling the Freight Congestion in Europe: Strategies and Solutions

Tackling the Freight Congestion in Europe: Strategies and Solutions

Freight congestion in Europe has long been a challenge, particularly in densely populated areas and around major transport hubs. This congestion results from various factors, including seasonal travel, the rapid growth of e-commerce, and urbanization. As urban centers continue to grow, the demand for goods increases and often overwhelms existing transport routes. The ripple effect of these congestions can be seen in delayed deliveries, increased transport costs, and environmental concerns due to idling vehicles. In response, not only are innovative solutions being proposed, but many have already been implemented to address these challenges.


Multi-modal Transport

Multimodal transport in Europe, which involves utilizing various modes of transport, is becoming increasingly popular due to its dense infrastructure of roads, railways, waterways, and ports.

Separately, some entities have taken proactive measures to benefit from this multimodal approach. A notable example is the Port of Rotterdam. It has capitalized on this by developing a robust infrastructure that seamlessly combines sea, rail, and road transport. The port boasts dedicated rail terminals which provide swift freight transitions from ships to trains. This ensures that goods can be quickly transported deeper into Europe without causing congestion within the port area or the surrounding roads.


Expansion and Modernization of Rail Networks

Significant investments have been channelled into the expansion and modernization of rail networks that cater to Europe’s freight needs. A standout example of these efforts is the Gotthard Base Tunnel in Switzerland. As the world’s longest railway and deepest traffic tunnel, this monumental project was inaugurated in 2016. Its primary mission is to bolster rail capacity across the Alps and offer a more efficient route for freight trains. This, in turn, makes rail freight more appealing and contributes to a reduction in the volume of road traffic traversing the Alps.


Urban Consolidation Centers (UCCs)

One of the solutions to Europe’s freight congestion challenges is the establishment of urban consolidation centers (UCCs). These centers act as logistics hubs located on the outskirts of major urban areas, where goods are collected, sorted, and then distributed using fewer, larger vehicles.

The city of Gothenburg provides a practical example. A Swedish city with historical architecture, Gothenburg is grappling with traffic congestion due to its narrow streets and high retail and distribution demand. This congestion issue is exacerbated by hundreds of restaurants, retailers, and various delivery companies vying for limited space alongside pedestrians and other vehicles. To address this, Gothenburg explored the concept of urban consolidation centers (UCCs) – centralized warehouses outside the city. Goods are delivered to these UCCs, from where they are transported to the city center using eco-friendly vehicles, eliminating the need for freight trucks in the heart of the city. A pilot UCC trial showcased promising results with decreased deliveries and larger shipments.


The Road Ahead

Europe’s ongoing efforts in implementing these strategies position it well for tackling urban freight challenges. By harnessing technology, enhancing infrastructure, and strategic planning, a more efficient and sustainable transportation landscape emerges.