The global trends in air freight forwarding of cargo and IFA
In 2016, once again a very slight growth of the share of air transport used for freight forwarding was reported on a global level. According to the data from the International Air Transport Association (IATA), the share of the air freight transport used for 2016 has increased by a mere 0.5%.
The reasons for the lowering of the use of air transport for the logistics services
The first reason for the decrease in the use of air transport for freight forwarding is the growing capacity of the cargo airplanes for carrying cargo. This on one hand is an advantage for the European logistics network because several deliveries can be combined in one air trip. This lowers the price for the freight forwarding service which is beneficial for the customers of the freight forwarders Europe.
Another factor which affects the lowered increase of the use of air transport for freight forwarding is the continuous increase of the use of passenger air transport. With the simpler travel procedures within the EU, more passengers choose airplane transport for business trips, travelling and for visiting friends and family. This has led to the share of air cargo to reach 44%.
What the Eurostat data shows about the tendencies for air transport used for freight forwarding in Europe
According the Eurostat data the role of air transport used for logistics services in Europe is also smaller than that used for passenger transportation. The reasons for this decrease are valid as those for the global decrease of the use of air transport for carrying cargo and goods. The first reason is that air transport although being the fastest transport is still the most expensive one too. The European network for transportation uses the developed infrastructure within Europe to combine various transport times and find the most optimal routes for its freight forwarding services. Also, the number of airports used by the freight forwarders association is much smaller than the destination points which can be reached via road and rail transport or than the number of European ports used.
How the European network for logistics includes air transport in its logistics services
For the network of freight forwarders being able to offer competitive prices for its freight forwarding services is crucial. This can be achieved by the close cooperation between the member companies of IFA located in the different European countries. Plus, the global International freight services are more efficient when intermodal transport solutions combining different transportation means for logistics are used. For the freight forwarders, the cooperation allows for a faster route planning and for better delivery terms. This allows for the share of freight forwarding solutions which do not include air transport to be bigger.
The European logistics companies use air transport for the forwarding of perishable goods and for express deliveries. If the delivery terms are very short, then air transport is the only solution for a timely delivery. Whenever it is possible, the forwarders throughout Europe combine more than one delivery with the same air trip and cargo airplane in order to reduce the price for the transport
Express deliveries with road transport
When the delivery terms allow for the forwarding of cargo and goods with road transport, the international freight forwarders offer their customers trucks or other vehicles accompanies with two drivers who switch places throughout the trip so that no time is lost for resting, and thus the deliveries are made in a timely manner.