The general terms and framework agreements which cover all conditions for freight forwarding
Along with the general terms for forwarding and cargo outlined by the World Road Transportation Organization (IRU), there are other additional framework agreements for logistics services such as the freight forwarders network.
The purpose of the framework agreements
Framework agreements serve the purpose of defining all additional conditions and terms. These agreements are developed based on the general terms as well as on the existing international conventions valid for the forwarding of cargo.
Through the framework agreements, the shipments provided by the freight forwarders are properly regulated based on the geographic regions, the seasons as well as on other specific conditions and the specifics of the different freight forwarding services.
What do the general conditions include?
Based on the general terms and conditions for the different types of transport services provided by the forwarders throughout Europe – better and more precise offers can be generated for the forwarding of different goods and cargo for the customers. These details of the price offers include:
- Exact prices which are given for all types of forwarding services in the price lists of the different freight forwarders.
- Precise calculation of all fees and taxes added to the transport service which are included in the invoices issues for the customers.
- Inclusion of all additional costs in the other invoices, including the cost for fuel, additional services and others.
International conventions for forwarding services and their general terms
- CMR – this is a convention of international road transport services which is valid when at least one of the countries – that of the sender or the customer is a side in the convention.
- TIR convention – for transport of cargo and goods with a TIR carnet document. This is used for transit forwarding services which allows for skipping the transit customs control due to the fact that the guarantee is covered by the TIR carnet.
Joint implementation of the general conditions and framework agreements
As we have already stated, the international forwarding services provided by European logistics companies are done based on the general terms and conditions for all kinds of transport along with the different framework agreements which are valid for the specific types of services and situations. The offers given by the European logistics association to their customers are all based on the combination of both the general terms and the specific framework agreements.
These conditions are included in the documents which accompany each shipment including:
- Bills of lading
- Letterheads, forms and others
Facilitating inquiries made by the customers
The customers of the European logistics network can find all clauses and relevant provisions and conditions which are included on the backsides of the document forms.
The inclusion of the texts of the provisions facilitates the accounting departments of the forwarders
The fact that all relevant clauses and provisions are made available on the reverse sides of the transport documents makes it easier for the accountants of the companies in the international freight forwarders association to perform quick checks of the different clauses of the regulative document’s without having to look for the different legislative documents defining the conditions and terms for the different types of forwarding services every time.
Cases in which the framework agreements can be supplemented
In the cases when specific types of cargo is being forwarded, especially when it is oversized or when the goods fall under the jurisdiction of certain framework agreements, the member companies of the European network for transportation can add agreements by including additional provisions and clauses regulating the transport of specific goods and cargo.
Additional circumstances which are not included in the agreements, such as different geographical regions, changes in the distances and routes for shipments or additional provisions due to seasonal specifics including the risk of extreme weather conditions can be added to the general terms and conditions for the service even during the forwarding itself.