EU customs preferences for import and export of certified goods
The generalised system of customs preferences in the EU is directed toward the developing countries (beneficiaries) by the developed countries, and this preferential treatment is non-reciprocal. There are special conditions which are in effect and are for the benefit of the poorest and least developed countries.
Customs preference in the European Union based on the origin of the goods
When goods with preferential origin are imported, special tariffs through the European logistics network, serve as incentives. The importers of such goods take advantage of the reduced or zero rates of the customs tariffs for goods with preferential origin.
How the cumulation (grouping) for import with preferences in the EU is done
The cumulation is done, in accordance to the geographic location of each of the countries. The cumulation can be of different types:
- Cumulation for goods originating in Norway, Switzerland and Turkey
Diagonal or full cumulation is not permitted.
To avoid problems in the commercial relations between countries with different levels of customs preferences, some sensitive goods are excluded from the regional cumulation.
Proof of origin until January 1st 2017
The normal procedure for proof of origin for goods imported from a beneficiary country to the EU, through the European logistics network is by presenting a certificate of origin Form A. Also, an invoice declaration may be used for goods whose total value does not exceed 6,000 Euro.
In the cases when goods with EU origin are exported to a beneficiary country, with a view of bilateral cumulation, the EU exporter should use a EUR 1 movement certificate. An invoice declaration can be used too, if the total value of the goods does not exceed 6,000 Euro. The validity of this certificate is 10 months.
Exemption from the requirement to present a certificate of origin for small packages
When a private person sends another private person a package with a maximum value limit of 500 Euro, or in the cases when a traveller is carrying goods with a value of up to 1,200 Euro, these goods are exempt from the requirement for presenting a proof of origin certificate.
New provisions which will be applicable from January 1st 2017
The current system of certification will be replaced with a new self-certification system.
From January 1st 2017 onwards, the exporters will provide their customers the certificates of origin by themselves. They will be registered with the competent authorities of the beneficiary countries, which will facilitate the control following the export.
The competent authorities of the European Commission will connect with the authorities in the beneficiary countries in order to implement the new system. Every beneficiary country will need to create an electronic register for all registered exporters. This register will be available to the European Commission. The EC itself will create a database for all registered exporters, so that the operators from the European logistics network can check whether the supplier is a registered exporter in the beneficiary country before releasing the goods for free circulation.
The operators in the EU, which make exports for the purpose of bilateral cumulation, will be registered with the competent authorities in these member states.
If any country cannot meet the deadline of January 1st 2017, it will be given an additional three years for adaptation and implementation of the new requirements.