The EU toll system will become distance based in 2023
The EU countries which are currently using time-related toll systems must adopt a new distance-based road charging system which differentiates the tolls in accordance with the emissions from the different vehicles. This was decided on October 25th by the European Parliament when the new toll legislation system proposal was first presented to the members.
The next step includes all of the negotiations which will take place in the European Union Council. The new taxation system which will affect all drivers and transport businesses, as well as the list of logistics companies from the International Forwarding Association, is expected to be adopted for trucks and buses in 2023, and for vans from 2027.
One of the main reasons for these changes which will affect the entire European logistics network is the reduction of CO2 emissions and pollution in the EU.
Currently, the transport in Europe is found to be the biggest contributor to these harmful emissions in the EU.
Thanks to the upcoming trends of truck and vehicle autonomy and their electrification, hopes are that the pollution of the air, as well as the noise and other problems caused by vehicle use to be reduced drastically.
Distance-based charges for national and international freight forwarding and for all kinds of transport services will help address a number of issues related to health costs for pollution-related illnesses and the demands for a change in the infrastructure due to the changes in the transport industry including the use of alternative energy, autonomy of the vehicles and their electrification.
The idea for the distance-based road charging which will differentiate the tolls in accordance with the emissions of the different vehicles used by the freight forwarders and transport companies in a fair and a non-discriminatory manner in order to set even further incentives to these businesses to invest in green logistics and transport.
From 2021, if an EU country taxes heavy load vehicles, trucks and vans like the ones used by the list of logistics companies from IFA, it will have to add an additional tax for external costs such as for air pollution and for noise pollution. And from 2026, if an external tax is being charged for all parts of the road system, it will need to start including all other types of vehicles as well.
Other ideas which will completely transform the transport and European logistics business are the proposed regulation for fitting in-vehicle technology in all newly manufactured vehicles for tolling. The car and vehicle manufacturers will have to fix this one box technology which includes a GNSS and a communication component. The EU must ensure funds to adopt the roadside infrastructure and technologies for the new tolling system.
The EU countries though are expected to be allowed to design their own tolls in order to protect the low-income communities and the areas where other means of transport are unavailable.
So, it is vital that all of the companies from the international freight forwarders association be prepared for the new tolling system, and work towards incorporating eco-friendly green technologies for their vehicles and also to work towards reducing the use of fossil fuel for their services.